• SMS group SMS group Leading partner in

     · SMS group is a plant supplier to the metallurgical industry for steel, aluminum, copper and metals. The competences comprise design, engineering, manufacturing and commissioning.

  • Curbing their enthusiasmRecycling Today

     · The cyclicality of the steel and ferrous scrap sectors seems unlikely to depart from its volatile ways in the new decade. Recycling Today periodically will revisit how the ups and downs of the market will change the composition of our list of the largest ferrous scrap

  • STEEL STATISTICS worldsteel

    worldsteel publishes monthly production statistics for crude steel, direct reduced iron (DRI) and blast furnace iron (BFI). These are global steel statistics per country, including the main top steel-producing countries, China, Japan, India, and USA.

  • Reduced Carbon Consumption and CO 2 Emission at the

     · Lowering the carbon consumption and fossil CO2 emissions is a priority in blast furnace (BF) ironmaking. Renewable biomass is one option that can play an important role in future low-carbon ironmaking particularly in the countries rich in biomass resources. In this study, full-scale trials to investigate the impact of briquettes containing torrefied sawdust on the BF efficiency and process

  • STEEL STATISTICS worldsteel

    worldsteel publishes monthly production statistics for crude steel, direct reduced iron (DRI) and blast furnace iron (BFI). These are global steel statistics per country, including the main top steel-producing countries, China, Japan, India, and USA.

  • Steel scrap generation in the EU-28 since 1946Sources

    A similar situation for the scrap trade is observable for the United States, where steel scrap is also net-exported to the extent of 9 to 20 Mt/yr or 10 to 20% of domestic steel scrap generation during the last decade, according to (World Steel Association 2018) and Zhu et al. (2019). Steel scrap generation in both the EU-28 and the US are, on the one hand, characterized by a large share of post-consumer scrap

  • WORLD STEEL IN FIGURES 2019

     · 24 Fangda Steel 15.51 49 Tianjin Steel 7.77 25 Techint Group (5) 15.38 50 Donghai Special Steel 7.61 (1) Formerly named Nippon Steel and Sumitomo Metal Corporation (NSSMC).

  • Environment PolicyPanasonic

     · We are also pursuing Recycling-oriented Manufacturing for effective utilization of resources. One example is the development of a resources recycling and trade scheme together with our supplier, in which scrap iron from used home appliances is recycled into steel plates to be used as material for products by our Group.

  • A review on low carbon emissions projects of steel

    Dongkuk Steel introduced the Eco-Arc electric furnace, which can be loaded with a large amount of low-density scrap through a skip. Meanwhile a dust chamber is rapidly cooled down after secondary combustion, blocking the production of toxic furans and dioxins. The application of such technology can reduce energy waste by 30%.

  • Assessment of the carbon emissions reduction potential of

     · These technologies are expected to save 3.01 GJ/t crude steel energy consumption and 398.22 kg CO 2 /t crude steel CO 2 emissions with a discount rate of 15% in 2015–2050 . In another study of Zhang et al., 35 technologies were introduced that focused on waste energy recycling and utilization to reduce energy consumption and enhance energy efficiency.

  • Low-carbon production of iron and steel Technology

    Secondary steel production using mainly steel scrap in electric arc furnace (EAF-scrap) is 24% of global production and has both the lowest energy consumption and is technically simplest to decar-bonize through electrification but is limited in market share to re-cycled steel

  • Fragments and fracturesRecycling Today

     · “If you look at a car today, it has about 40 kilograms (88 pounds) of stainless steel for a normal passenger car. Out of that, 30 kilograms (66 pounds) is the exhaust system. Other applications are fuel lines and engine valves, the head gasket—all these applications depend on the combustion engine.” Nickel Pricing* April 2021. $16,480.70

  • A Comparative Life Cycle Assessment of Recycling the

     · In the pyrometallurgical route of recycling the PGMs out of catalytic converter scrap, electricity is the main contributor and the impacts of electrorefining and smelting are in the range of 1.5 to 3.58 × 10 −13 kg, whereas the decanning process has comparatively lower effect since it emits 5.6 × 10 −18 kg during the entire life cycle of

  • Sustainability analysis of aluminium hot forming and

     · The production of lightweight vehicle is resulted in lower fuel consumption, during the use phase of vehicle, compared to the baseline vehicle. More precisely, the vehicle mass is decreased in a range of 1155–1169 kg, compared to the baseline vehicle (i.e. 1300 kg), which represents a mass reduction of 10-11%.

  • Automobile Bodies Can Aluminum Be an Economical

    Although steel is preferred by most automakers, in recent years changing fuel economy and recycling regulations have intensified weight-reduction attempts by automakers. Aluminum offers the ideal engineering solution Its density is one-third that of steel and satisfies the torsion and stiffness requirements of an automotive material.

  • Fact sheet Energy use in the steel industry

     · Most steel products remain in use for decades or even centuries before their function is no longer needed and they can then be reused, remanufactured or recycled. Therefore, there is not enough recycled steel to meet growing demand. Demand is met through a combined use of the BF-BOF and EAF production routes. Both these production routes use recovered steel scrap as an input.

  • Stainless Steel and CO2 Facts and Scientific Observations

     · IMOA, CO2 scrap value for LCI study of the World Steel Association 2000) Raw materials (CO 2 ton/ton) Element content 8.7 29% Ni in ferro-Ni 6.0 56.5% Cr in ferro-Cr 8.5 67% Mo in ferro-Mo 1.4 Fe in carbon steel scrap Due to the high recycling rate of stainless steel this represents a 52% reduction of CO 2 emissions (estimated by ISSF, 2013)

  • Decarbonization in steel McKinsey

     · Steel can be produced via two main processes either using an integrated blast furnace (BF)/basic oxygen furnace (BOF) or an electric arc furnace (EAF). While integrated players produce steel from iron ore and need coal as a reductant, EAF producers use steel scrap or direct reduced iron (DRI) as their main raw material.

  • RecyclingVolkswagen AG

     · Because remanufacturing not only cuts costs by approximately 30 % per component, it also reduces energy consumption by 80 %, while the reduction in resource use is higher still. Remanufacturing comprises the following steps First of all the returned used items are dismantled into their component parts and thoroughly cleaned.

  • Turkish mill buys additional EAF equipmentRecycling Today

     · Turkish steel producer Tosyali Demir Celik Sanayi A.S. has placed an order with United Kingdom-based Primetals Technologies for a Quantum electric arc furnace (EAF) plant with some 2 million metric tons of annual capacity. According to Primetals, equipment sold also includes a twin vacuum-degassing plant with oxygen blowing and a two-strand

  • Sustainability analysis of aluminium hot forming and

     · The lower environmental impact of HFQ is attributed at the energy demand needed for the aluminium forming, the lower fuel consumption due to the production of a lightweight vehicle and the credits obtained through the efficient recycling of aluminium and other vehicle materials.

  • 5C Energy Saving in Steel Industry

     · For instance, high strength steel sheets for automotive applications reduce fuel consumption by making it possible to decrease the weight of the car body. Steel materials widely used in machinery and equipment which are to generate or consume electricity

  • China Metal Recycling Plant, China Metal Recycling Plant

    China Metal Recycling Plant, China Metal Recycling Plant Suppliers and Manufacturers DirectorySource a Large Selection of Metal Recycling Plant Products at tire recycling plant,waste recycling plant,recycling plant from China Alibaba

  • Finding the Most Efficient Way to Remove Residual Copper

     · The supply of end-of-life steel scrap is growing, but residual copper reduces its value. Once copper attaches during hammer shredding, no commercial process beyond hand-picking exists to extract it, yet high-value flat products require less than 0.1 wt pct copper to avoid metallurgical problems. Various techniques for copper separation have been explored in laboratory trials, but as yet no

  • Reduced Carbon Consumption and CO 2 Emission at the

     · Lowering the carbon consumption and fossil CO2 emissions is a priority in blast furnace (BF) ironmaking. Renewable biomass is one option that can play an important role in future low-carbon ironmaking particularly in the countries rich in biomass resources. In this study, full-scale trials to investigate the impact of briquettes containing torrefied sawdust on the BF efficiency and process

  • SUSTAINABILITY OF THE AMERICAN STEEL INDUSTRY

     · produced this way—recycling steel scrap to produce new steel using electricity. Steel that is produced by blast furnace and basic oxygen furnace (BF/BOF) technology in the United States has the lowest CO 2 intensity of steel produced via BF/BOF in the seven largest steel producing countries. The American steel industry also uses a much higher

  • Recycling TodayJune 2021Fragments and fractures

    “If you look at a car today, it has about 40 kilograms (88 pounds) of stainless steel for a normal passenger car. Out of that, 30 kilograms (66 pounds) is the exhaust system. Other applications are fuel lines and engine valves, the head gasket—all these applications depend on the combustion engine.” Nickel Pricing* April 2021. $16,480.70

  • SustainabilityAmerican Iron and Steel Institute

    The American steel industry is committed to manufacturing innovative products and implementing processes that achieve environmental, social and economic sustainability. The American steel industry is the cleanest and most energy-efficient of the seven largest steel producing countries in the world. Steel Industry Sustainability PDF Download >>.

  • Fact sheet Energy use in the steel industry

     · as iron ore, coal, limestone and steel scrap. About 75% of steel is produced using the BF-BOF route. First, iron ores are reduced to iron, also called hot metal or pig iron. Then the iron is converted to steel in the BOF. After casting and rolling and/or coating, the steel

  • Finding the Most Efficient Way to Remove Residual Copper

     · The supply of end-of-life steel scrap is growing, but residual copper reduces its value. Once copper attaches during hammer shredding, no commercial process beyond hand-picking exists to extract it, yet high-value flat products require less than 0.1 wt pct copper to avoid metallurgical problems. Various techniques for copper separation have been explored in laboratory trials, but as yet no

  • Efficiency stagnation in global steel production urges

     · Use of scrap steel for steel production entails much lower energy consumption and GHG emissions compared to ore-based primary steel production 9,58. This makes steel recycling

  • Environmental impact of scrapping old carsScienceDirect

     · Expressed in equation form n= Em /[Eu − Eu *(1−α) n], where, n is the optimal number of years, Em the energy needed to manufacture a car (including the ‘gain’ at the recycling stage), Eu the energy for car use per year, and α is the decrease in energy for new car use per kilometre.

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